The mussel is a bivalve mollusk whose shell is formed by two equal valves of calcium carbonate, covered by a layer called periostraco. As a consequence of the primary productivity of the Rías Gallegas, which generates a great wealth of marine flora and fauna, the periostraco often shows adhesions of species such as balans, polychaetes, briozoans and algae. Inside, the food is usually orange cream colored, consisting of two fleshy lobes, which have on the edges a sinuous band of dark violet.
Se protege el mejillón fresco, exclusivamente de la especie Mytilus Galloprovincialis, obtenido mediante el sistema tradicional de la zona de cultivo en batea o vivero flotante.
In order to gain access to the fresh consumption market under the Protected Designation of Origin Mejillón de Galicia, the mussel must pass through a purification / dispatch center, and in order that the quality and characteristics that are due to the factors of the Geographical environment of culture are not altered, the mussel must be cleaned with sea water from those of the Rías Gallegas of the provinces of A Coruña and Pontevedra.
Geographical Zone: The area of cultivation will be the inland maritime space of the Rías Gallegas of the provinces of A Coruña and Pontevedra, qualified for the mussel culture in batea, constituted by the following areas: Ría de Ares-Sada, Ría de Muros- Noia, Ría de Arousa, Ría de Pontevedra and Ría de Vigo. The purification / expedition zone is limited to the coastal provinces of: A Coruña and Pontevedra.
Characteristics: The mussel is a totally natural product, because its culture does not incorporate any external contribution to the environment. It is a healthy and healthy food, with a high nutritional value, rich in protein, vitamins, minerals and omega 3, and low in calories. It is guaranteed under strict hygiene and sanitary controls and quality certification, which meet the highest demands of the consumer.
Basic data: The registers of the Regulatory Council include 3,314 vessels, almost all of which exist in Galicia, producing between 250 and 300 million kilos per year, and 49 trading companies of the Galician mussel with PDO.