Figures of the ecological sector in Spain

Registered surface area

In 2014, 1,663,190 hectares of land were registered in the records of organic farming, with a year-on-year increase of 3.3%. Of this area, 87.1% are qualified, 4.4% appear in conversion and the remaining 8.5% is in their first year of practice.

By regions

Andalusia accounted for 51.3% of all organic farming land in our country, followed by Castilla-La Mancha (17.1%), Catalonia (6.4%), Extremadura (4.8%), Navarre , Spain (9%), Murcia (3.5%), Aragon (3.2%), Comunidad Valenciana (3.1%), Castilla y León 1%), Galicia (0.8%), Canary Islands (0.6%), Madrid (0.5%), La Rioja (0.3%), Cantabria Of 0.2%.

By crop types

Permanent grasslands and meadows represent 49.3% of the total. Permanent crops (29.5%), arable land crops (13.9%), fallow land (6.6%) and fresh vegetables (0.7%) are listed below. Among the permanent crops, olive trees stand out (35.2% of the total), nuts (19.3%) and vineyards (17.2%). Citrus (1.4%), fruit (0.9%), banana and subtropical (0.5%) and cultivated berries are a long way off.

Among arable land crops, the main ones are cereals for grain production (66.8% of the total), followed by legumes and protein crops for grain (17.8%), plants harvested in green for animal feed ( 9.8%), industrial crops (5%), other arable land crops (0.5%) and tubers and roots (0.1%). In the case of organic vegetables, the ones that occupy a larger area are leaf and stem (25.8%), followed by legumes of green for human consumption (23.2%), those grown by the fruit (23 , 1%) and vegetables of bulbs and tubers (11.3%). Other vegetables account for 15.2%, while strawberries and a small percentage of mushrooms represent the remaining 1.4%.

Livestock

With regard to organic livestock, there are just under 6,080 farms, with a year-on-year increase of 4.6%. Andalusia, once again, is home to the largest number of organic farms, with 57.9% of the total, followed by Catalonia (12.7%), Castilla-La Mancha (5%), Balearic Islands (4.8% Asturias (4.8%), Galicia (3.2%), Extremadura (3.2%), Cantabria (2.5%), Basque Country (1.6%), Navarre (0.9%), the Canary Islands (0.8%), Aragon (0.5%), the Community of Valencia (0.4%), Madrid (0.3%), La Rioja And Murcia, with less than 0.1%.

The most important are cattle farms (47.3% of the total), followed by sheep (28.3%), goats (10.4%), equids (4.7%), poultry Corral (4.3%), beekeeping (2.5%) and pig (2.2%). The ecological livestock hut exceeds 1.1 million heads. Of these, there are 163,690 beef cattle and 4,520 milk, 449,540 meat sheep and 17,940 milk, 211,300 laying hens, 165,700 meat broilers, 31,310 meat goats and 25,155 milk, 4,150 equidae, 6,790 pigs and 48,470 hives.

Andalusia has the largest cattle, ovine, goat, pig and ecological hives censuses, while Galicia occupies the first place in chickens of meat and Catalonia in laying hens. Organic beef production is 15,090 tonnes, including 6,760 tonnes of sheepmeat, 915 tonnes of pigmeat, 850 tonnes of poultrymeat and 480 tonnes of goatmeat. Other significant productions are 19,760 tonnes of organic raw milk, 825 tonnes of organic cheeses, 1.35 million dozen organic eggs and 690 tonnes of organic honey.

Ecological aquaculture produces 1,230 tonnes, to which must be added 130 tonnes of algae.

About the author

Montse Gonzalez