It is a sweet natural substance produced by Bee Apis mellifera from the nectar of plants or secretions of live parts of plants or excretions of sucking insects present in the living parts of plants, which bees collect, transform, combine with substances Specific, deposit, dehydrate stored and left in the hives to mature. Science tells us that honey is a food that contains nutritional minerals, vitamins, trace elements, enzymes, organic acids and healthy proteins. Our Mediterranean predecessors were clearly on the right track because they are always considered to have medicinal and therapeutic properties (toning and rejuvenating the skin, antiseptic and bacteriostatic, promoting bone consistency, muscle toning …).
Honey has always been a food appreciated and recognized by man since antiquity, which has also been attributed healing virtues. Already in the Mediterranean cuisine, from ancient times, Greeks and Romans used the honey, adding to the salty dishes or mixing it with the wine, vinegar and the famous Roman garum which indicates the inclination to mix sweet, bitter and salty. And is that in the Roman period, honey is the fourth most used condiment, which shows its importance in its gastronomy. The Arabs also liked to mix flavors and use it to reduce the acidity of vinegar or grapes to create that sweet and sour taste that they liked so much. One of the characteristics of honey is its enormous variability, as its taste, color, appearance and nutritional value can vary from one hive to another. In the Spanish market there are honeys from many areas, made from the nectar of different flowers and with two basic presentations for their consumption: crystallized and liquid. They are known as multifloral honeys when nectar comes from different sources, and monofloral honeys, from a single plant species. In Spain this variability is reflected by the origin of the honey. The honey that comes from the south of Spain, in the province of Granada (Andalusia), comes from the flower of chestnut, rosemary, thyme, avocado and orange. In the center of the Iberian Peninsula, between the provinces of Guadalajara and Cuenca (Castilla-La Mancha), honey produced in the district of Alcarria comes from rosemary and lavender. These two traditional products are each guaranteed by a Denomination: D.O.P. Honey from Granada and D.O.P. Honey from La Alcarria. The best known honey in the north of Spain is the honey of Galicia, made from eucalyptus, chestnut, blackberry or heather, and covered by the PGI Miel de Galicia.
It is also worthy of mention the orange blossom honey from the east coast, rosemary honey from Alicante and many others from the sierra of Madrid, Asturias, Castilla-La Mancha, Basque Country and Extremadura.


Pollen is that dust that the bee collects from flowers by adhering to the hairs of its body when in contact with the yarn. This fertilizing powder of flowers collected by bees and agglutinated by these with nectar and salivary substances in pellets that transport to the hive can be collected through a pollen capta (which is placed at the entrance of the hives so that a small Grid whose openings are narrow enough to “hold” part of the pollen that the bee carries falling into a kind of drawer whose contents are removed by the beekeeper). Later it can be pressed. Like honey, it also has multiple therapeutic properties (combating intellectual fatigue improves brain activity, memory …).


A substance produced by the action of a special saliva secreted by the hypopharyngeal glands of the young worker bees that acts on the honey, pollen and absorbed nectars forming a food that is supplied to the queen bee and the larvae during the first three days of age and Which has multiple therapeutic properties (stimulates metabolism, combats depression and stress, revitalizes the skin, mucous membranes and hair, regulates blood pressure …).


Propolis is the resin collected by bees in various vegetables to which is added secretions of bees, wax and pollen and also has multiple therapeutic properties. Wax is the natural product secreted by the wax glands of worker bees to build The honeycombs. One of its uses is to make candles and also creams.

About the author

Montse Gonzalez