Integrated production in Spain

Integrated production is a sustainable production of high quality food, using environmentally friendly methods and maintaining farm income. These agricultural crop-production systems make the most of natural resources and mechanisms of production and ensure long-term sustainable agriculture by introducing biological and chemical control methods and other techniques that make the demands of society compatible, protection The environment and agricultural productivity, as well as the operations carried out for the handling, packaging, processing and labeling of plant products under the system.

The integrated production of agricultural products is regulated in Spain by Royal Decree 1201/2002. It defines integrated production as promoting “the use of methods which, taking into account the requirements of society, the profitability of the crop and the protection of the environment, reduce the use of chemical products and allow the production of agricultural products of High quality, is a requirement in the modernization of agriculture. ” In 2004, the identification badge of the National Integrated Production Guarantee was established.

Some public or private entities recognized by the National Accreditation Entity (ENAC) are the ones that grant the certifications.

The area registered in integrated production during 2014 was slightly higher than 832,990 hectares, barely 0.1% above that of the previous year. Andalusia is the autonomous community with greater area destined to this type of production, with 554.390 hectares (66.6% of the total). Next are Extremadura, with 119,330 hectares (14.3%), Aragon, with 58,050 hectares (7%), Comunidad Valenciana with 32,180 hectares (3.9%), Catalonia with 30,240 hectares (3.6%) and Murcia With 20,840 hectares (2.5%). This relationship with the Canaries, with 4,850 hectares (0,6%), Castilla y Leon, with 4,340 hectares (0,5%), Balearic Islands with 3,760 hectares (0,5%) and La Rioja with 3,150 hectares (0,4% ). Navarre, Basque Country and Galicia present in each case percentages around 0.1% of the total. The degree of implementation of integrated production is 4.9% of the total agricultural area. This percentage reaches 15.7% in Andalusia, 11.3% in the Canary Islands, 11.1% in Extremadura and 5.1% in the Valencian Community. Below the national average are Murcia (4.4%), Catalonia (3.7%), Aragon (3.5%), Baleares (2.2%), La Rioja %), Navarre (0.2%), Castile and Leon (0.1%) and Galicia (below 0.1%). By type of cultivation, the largest area is olive groves, with 57.3% of the Spanish total. Cereals (9.1%), rice (8%), cotton (6.3%), fruit trees (5.8%), citrus fruits (4.2%), 2.2%), vegetables (1.8%), nuts, tobacco and beet, with 1.1% in each case, strawberry (0.6%) and potato (0.3%). %). All other crops in integrated production represent the remaining 1.1%. In view of the introduction of integrated production by crops stands out the tobacco, with 85% of the total. The second strawberry (73%), followed by cotton (65%), rice (60%), banana (39%), sugar beet (24%), olive trees and fruit trees In each case) and citrus (12%).

The crops and agri-food industries that have integrated production standards are: vegetables (chard, garlic, artichoke, celery, aubergine, broccoli, courgette, calsot, onion, mushrooms, parsnips, cabbage, cauliflower, endive, white asparagus, spinach Strawberry, pea, bean, fennel, green bean, lettuce, lettuce, melon, potato, cucumber, gherkin, parsley, pepper, paprika pepper, leek, radish, watermelon, tomato and carrot), fruit trees (cherry, plum, Kiwi, apple, peach, nectarine, pear, banana and loquat), nuts (almond, hazelnut and walnut), cereals (winter cereals, summer cereals, rice and maize), citrus, Cotton, tobacco, mushrooms olive oil, vegetable preserves, fresh vegetables, table olives, processed tomatoes, fruits and vegetables for horticultural plants, wines, processed dried fruit and rice processing.

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Montse Gonzalez