Business structure of the ecological sector in Spain

Operators

According to the records of organic farming during 2014 there were more than 30,600 organic farmers in Spain, of which 86.4% were engaged in agriculture, 6% in livestock and the remaining 7.6% combined agricultural activities And livestock.

In addition, there were 58 organic aquaculture production entities, just over 3,080 processors and processors, 127 importers and 67 exporters. Finally, 955 traders were registered. The majority of these (66.5% of the total) were wholesalers.

In total, there were just over 34,890 organic operators.

Industries

Plant production

The number of industries related to ecological vegetable production in the past year was about 4,260.

By autonomous communities, Andalusia monopolizes most of these industries (23% of the total). Then Catalonia (19.9%), Comunidad Valenciana (13.7%), Castilla-La Mancha (10%), Murcia (7.9%) and Aragon (3.8%).

According to its orientation, the most numerous are the handling and packaging of fruit and vegetables (33.8%), followed by the production of beverages (20.1%), bakery products and flour (14.9% ), Manufacture of vegetable oils and fats (14.6%), manufacture of other products of plant origin (13.5%), manufacture of grinding and starch products (1,9%) and manufacture of feed %).

Animal production

The industries related to ecological animal production are another 790, of which just over 200 are in Andalusia, more than 160 in Catalonia, 55 in Galicia and 49 in the Basque Country.

The most important group is the processing and preservation industries of meat and meat products, accounting for 45.1% of the total. Next are the production of other food products of animal origin (33.5%), dairy products (15.3%), handling and preservation of fish, molluscs and crustaceans (4.8%) and processing Of animal oils and fats (1.3%).

About the author

Montse Gonzalez