CHOCOLATE AND OTHER PRODUCTS FROM COCOA

PRODUCTION

Spanish production of cocoa and industrial chocolate is around 259,050 tonnes, reaching almost 695 million euros. The most important item is cocoa powder, with 131,080 tonnes and more than 390 million euros. Below are the cacao preparations of less than 2 kilos, with 91,950 tons and 195,9 million euros, followed by cocoa paste (19,430 tons and 50,9 million euros) and butter, fat and cocoa oil (16,590 tonnes and 58 million euro).
As far as the manufacture of chocolate and cocoa final products is concerned, in the last financial year the bars and tablets reached 66,400 tonnes, worth 254.1 million euros. The production of chocolates was around 8,580 tonnes and 64 million euros. Other chocolate goods accounted for 22,750 tonnes and 91.6 million euros, while cocoa-containing confectionery reached 7,150 tonnes and 32,9 million euros, cocoa spreads reached 11,550 tonnes and 53, 8 million euros and preparations for beverages with cocoa, 2,670 tonnes and 9,8 million euros. The other products that include cocoa represent about 3,050 tons and 7.4 million euros. The main offer of the national market of chocolates and cocoa are tablets, with 45,230 tons and about 340 million euros. Chocolate and truffles, with 8,430 tonnes (-0.9%) and 132.5 million euros (-2.7%), chocolates with 7,910 tonnes (-8.3%) and 23.4 million euros (-9.2%), chocolates and snacks, with 10,735 tonnes (+ 4.8%) and 119 million euros (+ 4.9%), soluble and instant cocoa beans, with 54,450 Tonnes (+ 1.4%) and 248.3 million euros (+ 0.6%), spreads cocoa cream, with 18,130 tonnes (+ 4.8%) and 92.6 million euros (+5 , 4%) and cocoa beans, with 2,180 tonnes (+ 10%) and 8.7 million euros (+ 5.8%).

BUSINESS STRUCTURE

The world market for chocolates and cocoa derivatives is in the hands of a few large multinational groups
Which have very strict control of the entire food chain, from the purchase of raw materials to small and medium producers until the final distribution of the most elaborate products. The main manufacturer and marketer of chocolate tablets recorded a volume of sales in our country of 17,300 tonnes, while the second reaches 9,000 tonnes. Three other groups produce between 8,400 and 8,100 tonnes. As far as the chocolate market is concerned, the most important operator is around 3,000 tonnes per year. The second manufacturer, for part exceeds 2,300 tons and the third (which is the first in the case of tablets), reaches 2,280 tons. In the case of soluble, instant and cup cocoa, the leading group trades around 23,000 tonnes per year, the second (first and third respectively in tablets and chocolates) from 20,700 tonnes and the third is down to 3,800 tonnes. The most important group in the sector has an annual income of around 302 million euros, while the second group reaches 200 million euros, the third is around 153.5 million euros, the fourth is close to 94 million Of euros and the fifth is 85 million euros. Distribution brands are of significant importance in the different segments of the cocoa derivative market. In the tablets they control 35.7% of all volume sales and 27.6% in value. In the chocolates, these percentages fall to 18.1% and 9.6%, respectively, although recovering importance in soluble and instant cocoa (26.5% and 15.8%), spreads (39.3% And 23.4%), cocoa beans (32.5% and 22%) and cereals with chocolate (37.8% and 30.5%).

FOEIGN TRADE

In Spain there is no production of cocoa, so all the raw material used by the domestic industry must be imported. Approximately 90,000 tons of cocoa beans are processed annually in our country to process the final products. The eight largest producing countries in the world are Cote d’Ivoire (38%), Ghana (19%), Indonesia (13%), Nigeria (5%), Brazil ) And Malaysia (1%). These countries account for 90% of world production.

Imports of cocoa products reached 117,760 tonnes, a year-on-year increase of 3.7%. The main imported items are unfilled chocolate (25,010 tonnes), prepared products for drinks (16,070 tonnes), spreads (14,560 tonnes), filled chocolates (11,210 tonnes) and chocolates (10,680 tonnes). France is our main supplier, with 39.4% of the total, followed by Germany (25.1%), Italy (9.5%), the Netherlands (5.8%) and Belgium (4.7%). As far as exports are concerned, 62,120 tonnes were reached, 2.3% more than in the previous year. For the most part, unfilled chocolates (25,410 tons), filled chocolates (8,860 tons), preparations for beverages (7,800 tons) and chocolates (4,650 tons). The main destination markets are France (27.1% of the total), Portugal (15.8%), Germany (13.2%), Italy (7.3%) and Belgium (6.6%).

About the author

Montse Gonzalez