Frozen fish is the only major Spanish item with positive external trade figures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. During 2014 483,480 tonnes of frozen fish were exported, valued close to 691.2 million euros. These figures indicate a significant year-on-year increase of 14% in weight, while in value there was a fall of 10.6%. Meanwhile, imports slightly exceeded 313,500 tonnes (+ 10.9%), with a value of 606.2 million euros (-5.2%). The trade balance for our country shows a surplus of almost 85 million euros, with a coverage rate of 114%.

Given the origins and destinations of this foreign trade, it can be said that 75.4% of Spanish exports in volume and 63.5% in value of frozen fish are directed towards countries outside the European Union. Imports also have a largely non-European origin, since 76% of the total in volume and 77,7% in value come from countries that are not part of the European Union. Although the statistics available do not distinguish between fresh and frozen products, it is necessary to assume that a large part of the 182,780 tonnes imported from crustaceans, worth € 1,1 million and 359,790 tonnes of molluscs, worth a little more than 1 million euros are made up of frozen offers. In the first case, 80.1% have a non-European origin, while in the latter this percentage increases to 83.2%.

About the author

Montse Gonzalez