GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FISHIRING

The world production of catching fishery products reaches 91.3 million tonnes, of which 79.7 million tonnes correspond to sea fishing  and the remaining 11.6 million tonnes for inland fisheries. In addition, aquaculture production is another 66.6 million tonnes. Continental aquaculture has a production of 41.9 million tonnes, whereas marine aquaculture represents another 24 , 7 million tons. Approximately 136.2 million tonnes are intended for human consumption. In marine capture fisheries, China is the world’s largest power with 13.9 million tonnes, followed by Indonesia (5.4 million tonnes), the United States (5.1 million tonnes ), Peru (4.8 million tonnes) and Russia (4.1 million tonnes). As far as fishing in inland waters is concerned, China ranks first again with 2.3 million tonnes. Next are India (1.5 million tonnes), Myanmar (1.2 million tonnes), Bangladesh (957 000 tonnes) and Cambodia (449 000 tonnes). Asia accounts for 88.4% of all world aquaculture production. At a great distance, America (4.8%), Europe (4.3%), Africa (2.2%) and Oceania (0.3%) China produced 43.5 million tons of edible fish and 13 , 5 million tons of aquatic algae. The top 15 producing countries accounted for 92.7% of all farmed fish production. The catch of the Spanish fishing fleet reached in the last fiscal year up to 1.01 million tons , for a value of more than 2,165 million euros. These figures indicate significant interannual increases of 24.5% in volume and 21.3% in value. 38.5% of all catches are destined for fresh consumption (45.1% in Value), while the remaining 61.5% by weight and 54.9% are the shares of frozen fish. Aquaculture produces another 226,300 tonnes, down 15.1% from the previous year, amounting to 431 million euros (-0.8%). Molluscs represent 72.9% of all Spanish aquaculture productions in quantity, while in value the fish are the most important, with a percentage of 77.1%.
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Montse Gonzalez