Naturally, the regions producing fish and shellfish extractive are regions located on the coast; Cantabrian, Mediterranean and Atlantic, on which Galicia stands out.
Well, if Galician flag is something of the quality of its famous fish and especially seafood, a quality beyond doubt. A large pantry of land and sea that the prestigious Galician writer and gourmet Álvaro Cunqueiro came to describe the pantry of this Autonomous Community as “the best of the West” and that in its protection and impulse the Department of the Sea of the Xunta de Galicia. Reflection of the importance of this sector in the Galician culture is the great amount of celebrations of exaltation of the different products of the sea that are celebrated by all its geography.
In addition, as far as extractive fishing is concerned, the Basque Country, Cantabria and Asturias also have a large fishing fleet and a canning sector developed, especially for tuna and in the case of Cantabria, also anchovy. To these is added Andalusia, where it emphasizes the tuna eye and the processing regions of the east.


The catches of the Spanish fishing fleet that were destined to its fresh consumption reached up to 389,565 tonnes of live weight, for a value of 975,9 million euros. These figures represent interannual reductions of 1.3% in volume and 3.2% in value. It should be noted that at the beginning of the decade 494,535 tonnes were fished, worth more than 1,300 million euros, which shows the significant drop experienced during the last five years. The largest share in volume and value is fish, with almost 347.280 tonnes and 765.2 million euros, followed a long way by molluscs, with 36,860 tonnes and 136.85 million euros, crustaceans (4,840 tonnes And 71.9 million euros) and other marine products (mainly sea urchins and echinoderms), with some 590 tonnes and a little over 1.9 million euros. Fish caught for fresh consumption include cod, hake and haddock, with 58,270 tonnes and 149,1 million euros, herrings, sardines and anchovies (85,150 tonnes and 136,7 million euros), various coastal fish (34,910 tonnes and EUR 135,5 million), tunas, bonito and needles (28,250 tonnes and EUR 102,5 million), various pelagic fish (96,010 tonnes and EUR 87 million) and miscellaneous demersal fish (16,310 tonnes) and EUR 66.1 million). Among molluscs, the most important game is squid, cuttlefish and octopus, with 25,590 tonnes and 79.6 million euros, followed by clams, cockles and coffins (10,500 tonnes and 55 million euros). Among the crustaceans, the most important catch is shrimp and shrimp, with 2,410 tonnes and 45,5 million euro, lobster and lobster (600 tonnes and 11,5 million euro) and various marine crustaceans (1,220 tonnes Tonnes and EUR 10.5 million). The Spanish fresh fish market stands at 541,210 tonnes, for an economic value of 3,730.2 million euros. In recent years the consumption of fish in our country has been reduced by 6.6% in volume and by 1.6% in value.
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Montse Gonzalez