In Spain, total wheat production stood at around 6.5 million tonnes in 2014 (1.2 million tonnes less than in 2013), of which 5.7 million tonnes corresponded to the common wheat The rest to the hard. It is noteworthy that durum wheat provides less yields per hectare than soft wheat because it is more rustic and has specific uses. In Spain, roughly 450,000 tonnes of durum wheat are used annually to produce the semolina needed by the industry for domestic consumption (mainly pasta), and approximately 400,000 tonnes / year of animal feed are consumed, basically duros duros of inferior quality. Exports of durum wheat and semolina (with higher added value) are targeted at other Community countries (France and Italy) and third countries in North Africa. On the other hand, in Spain a little more than 3 million tonnes per year of common wheat are used in the flour industry and, theoretically, the national crop should serve to supply that demand, because in addition the wheat cultivation is being boosted in many Of the producing regions. Castilla-Leon, Castilla-La Mancha and Andalusia, are the great Spanish producing regions. Regarding foreign trade, in 2014 were imported 4.8 million tonnes, compared to 3.4 million tonnes the previous year. It was also exported less than in the previous year (428,328 tonnes). As far as the European Union is concerned, total wheat production (hard and soft) in 2014 was 157 million tonnes, a production of about 13 million tonnes higher than in the previous year. Had produced a similar increase. Of wheat production, which accounts for almost 50% of the Community cereal harvest, the bulk is soft wheat (148 million tonnes in 2014). As in the case of barley, the first European wheat-producing country is France, with 37 million tonnes in 2014, followed by Germany (27 million tonnes). However, Italy stands out in hard wheat, with 3.8 million tonnes in 2014, more than half of the Community harvest.

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Montse Gonzalez